- August 1914
- Bullets, Bottles and Gardenias
- Gringo Rebel
- A Fine Fellow
- Timeline of Revolution
- Battle of Tierra Blanca
- Gray Automobile Affair
- Gringo Rebel
- Gun Running
- John Reed
- Lifelong Friends
- Massacre of Huitzilac
- Nordenskjold Lives!
- Pancho Villa
- Soldier Under 13 Flags
- The Devil's Dictionary
- Villa's Swedish Gunner
- Yaquis capture Acaponeta
- ¡Vamanos Con Pancho Villa!
- Centennial Edition
- Veracruz Expedition
Nationalist Reaction to April 1914 U.S. Invasion of Veracruz
Carranza shocked Woodrow Wilson with his statement that his Constitutionalists would join forces with Huerta to oppose the Americans, should they extend their occupation out of Veracruz.
Pancho Villa, on the other hand, told Wilson's agent, George Carruthers
"...all Europe would laugh at us if we went to war with you. They would say 'that lillte drunken Huerta has drawn them into a tangle at last". ... Honest, I hope the Americans bottle up Veracruz so tight they can't even get water into it." —The Landing at Veracruz
To Pancho Villa, Lucio Blanco and Alvaro Obregon go the credit for avoiding the terrible catastrophe which would have inevitably occurred if the revolutionaries had joined with Huerta in a war against the United States. This astute analysis of Ivor Thord-Gray in “Gringo Rebel” reveals an aspect of the April 1914 US invasion of Veracruz which has been generally overlooked. Not all the revolutionary leaders were so cool headed, and many fell victim to a nationalistic fever where their hated for the gringo invaders obscured the danger of allowing Victoriano Huerta to consolidate his power.
The opportunity was not lost on Huerta, who in his “sick, alcohol bathed brain”, played it for all it was worth. Zimmerman’s German spy network sprung into action, inciting an already inflamed Mexican nationalism to ravanche for war of 1846. The situation was confused:
Many reports and rumors came fast and furious in tone from all corners of Mexico. Some asked advice. The most sobering one came from Pancho Villa, who disagreed with Carranza as to the seriousness of the Tampico incident or the occupation of Veracruz by the United States. He told the First Chief that he didn’t give a whoop what Huerta did, and suggested that Carranza let Huerta stew in his own pot.
Everyone here talked of war with the United States, and someone seemed to be pouring oil on the fire among the officers, for they were actually imagining they could beat the Americans, drive them into the sea, and force them to return at least some of the territory lost in the war of 1846-48.
Carranza and some others seriously talked of joining forces with Huerta. As far as I know Carranza never faulted in morals or deportment, but the voice of hatred for Americans rose to a terrific crescendo calling for a united Mexico to drive the gringos out of Veracruz. This may have influenced him. —Gringo Rebel
Few people have come to understand how close the revolution came to disintegration as a result of the American intervention, which, ironically, was calculated to undermine Huerta,.